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HI-MEMS (Hybrid Insect - Micro Electro-Mechanical Systems) Initiative

Written By Michael Reign on Wednesday, August 28, 2013 | 10:07 PM

In a breakthrough heralded by some within the scientific community as “a major advancement toward the engineered obsolescence of humanity,” a national defense/ military systems contractor known as the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is incorporating various incarnations of neurocircuitry implants into the prevailing Phylum Arthropoda (By far the most significant of the animal phyla present within the current ecosystem dynamic. In terms of sheer number, more than 1,000,000 species applicable to the arthropod designation have been formally identified and an estimated 1,000,000,000,000,000,000 [One quintillion] inhabit nearly every geographical region of the Earth) for the express purpose of creating a separate species of biomechanized hybrid insect for domestic surveillance/ counterintelligence operations.

Utilizing Micro Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS), researchers and scientific developers can effectively manipulate the movements and flight patterns of implanted insects (these insects are known collectively under the HI-MEMS acronym - Hybrid Insect - Micro Electro-Mechanical Systems) through the use of remote control devices as well as Global Positioning System (GPS) technologies. The following cinematic features document the University of California-Berkley’s expansive forays into the use of such technologies:

Through various Federal agencies charged with the delegation of monetary expenditure/ fund appropriation in the field of National Defense/ Security, DARPA is operating four distinctive research organizations at various universities throughout the continental United States. The stated objectives relevant to the experimentation currently being conducted by each of the four appendages in the field of development/ deployment are listed accordingly:

Phase I - The capture and containment of insects from various geographical regions throughout the globe.

Phase II - The eventual fusion/ integration of micromechanical technologies at the genetic level of various species of arthropods.


Phase III - The scientific demonstration and eventual deployment of remote controlled, “tethered” insects in a controlled setting whereby strategic positioning can be achieved in various combat simulations (proximal distances relative to intended targets are measured in meters with HI-MEMS being directed at 100 meter intervals).

Phase IV- The eventual breeding and cultivation of insect battalions.

The HI-MEMS initiative encompasses a much more significant segment of the DARPA National Defense Program, known simply as the Controlled Biological and Biomimetic Systems protocol.
Further information relevant to the scope of this particular initiative can be obtained through one’s perusal of the following articles of reference:


Bionic Hornets: Israel Looks at the Next Generation of Warfare
Scientist: Military Pursuing Technologies Incorporating the Use of Cybernetically Enhanced Arthropodal Constructs for Reconnaissance
Chronicling the Initial Stages of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency’s (DARPA’s) Expansive Forays into the Field of Arthropodal Cybernetic Alteration
Miniaturized Insect Robocops: Engineers Acting in Collaboration With Government Agencies Pioneering the Development of Remote Controlled Insects
ISN (International Relations and Security Network) ETH Zürich | Security Watch: Recent Technological Advances in the Field of Cybernetics, Specifically in Drone Warfare, Yield Promise for Pentagon Officials
DARPA’s Solicitation of Funds for the Express Purpose of Research into the Field of Cybernetic Enhancement Incorporating the Use of Insects

Cyborg Insects ‘Born’ in DARPA Project
DARPA Actively Using Cybernetically Enhanced Beetles as Energy Storage Repositories
The Race to Create Insect Cyborgs
The Future of Drone Surveillance: Cybernetically Enhanced Insect Battalions

The cinematic features that follow focus on the terrifying reality of these types of projects:

The Role of Cybernetic Insect Battalions During Military Combat Operations

Experts from the British Government’s Development, Concepts and Doctrine Centre (DCDC), in collaboration with the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) of the United States, have sought to incorporate the use of cybernetic insect battalions harboring airborne transmissible contagions and portable energy projectile weapons during coordinated tactical offensives. According to Great Britain’s Ministry of Defence (MoD), the utilization of biomechanized appurtenances as modal extensions for various species of arthropods in the course of military combat sequences will allow for the dissemination of biological weapons in a more efficient medium. It is believed, by its proponents in the scientific community, that any subsequent advances in technology pursuant to the HI-MEMS initiative will include the aforementioned weapons systems as an operant accessory - a concept elaborated on in detail in the following illustration, a symbolic representation of entomological warfare’s future progression.


Cybernetic Insect Battalions Harboring Airborne Pathogenic Derivatives and Portable Laser Technologies Will Soon Be a Fixture in Military Conflicts

Cockroaches as Portable Fuel Repositories

In recent months military defense contracting agencies have sought to enlist the aid of the scientific community in their quest to obtain an inexpensive alternative to petrol-based technologies, the following excerpt from an article published by Japan’s Nikkei Technology Online - Tech-On! examines these findings in greater detail:

Osaka University and the Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (TUAT) co-developed a fuel cell that is expected to be used for forming a wireless sensor network with cyborg insects. The fuel cell was announced at IEEE MEMS 2014, an international academic conference that runs from January 26 to 30, 2014, in San Francisco, the US, under the title of “Diffusion Refueling Biofuel Cell Mountable on Insect.” The cell measures approximately 20 x 15mm and can be mounted on an insect.
The fuel cell generates electricity by using trehalose (sugar) contained in the insect’s body fluid (blood lymph). It consists of electrodes, a tank of body fluid and needle-like pipe to be inserted into the insect. The inside of the tank is separated by a dialysis membrane, and the body fluid flows into the tank by diffusion. Trehalose is broken down by enzymes (trehalase and mutarotase) to produce glucose. Glucose is oxidized on the positive electrode side, and oxygen is generated on the negative electrode side (oxidation-reduction reaction).
This time, the two universities prototyped a fuel cell based on the principle by using a 3D printer, mounted it on a cockroach and measured its power generation capacity. As a result, it generated up to 50.2μW of power.
Research institutes, etc. in many countries have been engaged in the research and development of controllable “cyborg insects.” And the two universities aim to use their fuel cell as a power source that does not have to be replaced for a long period of time.
If the power source is combined with a technology to control an insect, it will become possible to use insects for wirelessly transmitting various sensor signals. And flying cyborg insects might realize a wide-area sensor network, eliminating the need to deploy many wireless sensor networks.


Fuel Cell Prototype Uses the Metabolic Processes of Live Cockroaches to Generate Electrical Current
Fuel Cell-Packing Cockroaches Being Used to Harness Electrical Energy
Cybernetic Cockroaches to Be Utilized as Instruments in the Development of Portable Sensory Networks
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  1. an aldose 1-epimerase (EC is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:alpha-D-glucose↔ beta-D-glucose. Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, alpha-D-glucose, and one product, mutarotase

  2. The benefits of integration need to be traded off against practical issues such as more complex fabrication processes, higher development costs and timelines, issues with risk and yield , and product upgrades thought leadership strategy


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